The continuous innovations in the lighting technology field have really helped in enhancing the efficiency factor of the lighting fixtures in their process of converting electric power into visible light. This has even led to the use of this lighting source for the growth of different crop and related products where there is a minimal availability of natural light. Furthermore, these artificial lights find its generic use in area lighting for providing the basic agricultural needs including the packaging and dispensing areas.

A go-through on the existing traditional lighting schemes

There are a variety of lighting types of which the most commonly used are the

  • Incandescent lamp: They consume more energy and power and is also expensive in nature. Halogen bulb is an example.
  • Fluorescent lamps: These include the differently shaped but compact bulbs like CFLs.
  • High beam intensity discharge types: This involves the metallic type like Low and High-pressure sodium lamps, Mercury vapor lamps and metal halide type.

All these lighting varieties except the incandescent ones require an additional unit called ballast for their efficient working and regulation of factors like electrical current, voltage, and frequency.

LED types

A recent analysis confirms that LEDs are used for the major lighting applications and are still competing with the traditional lighting types. The various Led Lights reviewed here including A-type, decorative, linear fixtures, parking lot and garage type, structure exterior and so were studied and the results were estimated considering the case of energy savings. In addition to this, some of the quality factors like the lifetime, color quality, versatility makes them unique compared to the old ones. The department of lighting energy forecast that these specific lighting sources will surely represent nearly 86 percent of all lighting sales by the end of 2025 and thus result in a huge annual energy savings of 2.9 quad British thermal units.